Afghan RadioHome - Afghan Radio Stations in Farsi and Pashto
Farsi Radio Stations
Afghan Radio - Arman FM 98.1
Afghan Radio - BBC Live News
Afghan Radio - BBC Morning News
Afghan Radio - BBC Afternoon News
Afghan Radio - BBC Evening News
Afghan Radio - Rangeen Kaman
Pashto Radio Stations
Afghan Radio- Live News Broadcast
Afghan Radio- Morning News
Afghan Radio- Afternoon News
Afghan Radio- Evening News
Afghan Radio Stations
Radio Afghanistan (originally called Radio Kabul) emerged in 1920s as a result of King Amanullah Khan's westernization program to create an avenue for Afghan people to obtain their daily news, listen to afghan music and connect different parts of Afghanistan into one social platform. To enable the air waves reach different parts of the country, king Amanullah Khan procured two radio transmitters from Germany and had them installed in Kabul and Khandahar.
Within kabul there is a bridge commonly known as 'pole artan'. This bridge runs over river kabul and is heavily used by kabul residents. The name 'Artan' is probably derived from 'Artel' an old engineering, radio transmission company which had installed its radio transmitters by the 'pole artan' and over time the significance of the bridge with a western name diminished and people assumed that the bridge is just called 'pole artan' without realizing that it is linked to the original afghan radio transmitters that were installed here.
During the reign of King Zahir Shah, another set of transmitters with more transmitive power were purchased from the same German company and they were installed in Yaka Toot area of Kabul. Newer equipments were purchased and a huge facility was built by Pole-Baghi Omomi (The bridge of General Garden) to house the new afghan radio.
In later years, Simiens became the official government contractor for afghan radio broadcasting and more transmitters were built in Pole-charki area of Kabul as well as other provinces.
Kabul Radio was an important axiom of politics in Afghanistan. After every coup d'état the army would rush to captured the Kabul airport and Kabul Radio. It served as an important niche for airing their propaganda and declaration of a new government in Afghanistan. Kabul radio was also the focal point of introducing Afghan artists to the rest of the country. Many Afghan female singers who would shy away from Television for religious or cultural reasons, chose Afghan Radio to air their music. Singers such as Ustaad Mahwash, Nashenas, Ahmad Wali, Haider Saleem and many others started their careers through radio Kabul.
In 1980's and 1990's Kabul Radio was an importat propaganda machine for the communist regime of Afghanistan. Therefore, to get a unbiased news of the country, many Afghans turned to BBC and Voice of America, which had launched services in Farsi. BBC and Voice of America were important western tools to reach the Afghans who wanted to fight the communist regime. These new radio stations were the product of Cold War that the Americans wanted to win. The communist regime and the government of Afghanistan continuously tried to block the airwaves for BBC and Voice of America by distorting the signals. It was through these western radio stations that Afghans got a glimpse of the war waged by the Mujahideen against the russians and how they were winning the war and how the Americans were openly helping them.
Prior to the insurgency of Taliban and the Islamic revolution of Afghanistan, most of the media services such as TV and Radio within Afghanistan were run by the government. Today, there are many afghan radio stations and TV channels that has emerged. Currently the most popular radio station in Afghanistan is Arman FM (98.1), which is owned by Moby group. An Afghan diaspora group from Australia that sought funding from US government, under USAID and launched Arman FM , Tolo TV and Lemar TV. Moby group's combined reach covers 80% of Afghanistan's audiences.
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